Freshwater Aquarium, Saltwater Aquarium, Reef Tank

by roshi on September 23, 2010

in Aquarium

freshwater vs saltwater vs reef tank

When it comes to keeping pet fish and maintaining an aquarium, you should know the main types of aquariums. It is a possibility that your fist aquarium might not look like as you see at all the fancy aquariums at the YouTube. Have you ever wondered what is the difference between fresh water aquarium and a salt water aquarium? There are three main types of aquariums:

Fresh Water Aquarium
Salt Water Aquarium
Reef Tank

These three are different with respect of installation and setup, equipment, cost, maintainability, look and from many other aspects. Let’s find out how!

Fresh Water Aquarium

Requirements / Equipment

Aquarium
Gravel (substrate)
Filter (power filter)
Aquarium Light (regular flourescent)
Test kits (pH, ammonia, nitrite, nitrate)
Food, Nets, Scrapers and other equipment (similar to those needed for saltwater tanks)
Quarantine Tank

Water changes are easier for freshwater tanks
Cheap maintenance
Cheap fish
Cheap food/feed
Water changes are easier for freshwater tanks

Salt Water Aquarium

Requirements / Equipment

Aquarium
Sand (substrate)
Filter
Power Heads for water movement
Protein Skimmer
Hydrometer
Salt Mix
Live Rock
Test kits (pH, ammonia, Nitrite, nitrate, calcium, alkalinity)
Lights (regular flourescent)
Food, nets, Scrapers, similar
Quarantine Tank

Expensive
Saltwater fish colors are amazing
Saltwater fish are more expensive than freshwater fish
Lots of invertebrates to choose from (corals, clams, shrimps, worms, sea stars, feather dusters)

Reef Tank

Requirements / Equipment

Aquarium
Sand (substrate)
Filter
Power Heads for water movement
Protein Skimmer
Hydrometer
Salt Mix
Live Rock
Test kits (pH, ammonia, Nitrite, nitrate, calcium, alkalinity, phosphate)
Lights (power compacts or better)
Food, nets, Scrapers, similar
Refugium for culturing live foods for corals and fish
Quarantine Tank
Reverse Osmosis Filter Unit
Very expensive

Fresh Water Aquarium Video

Salt Water Aquarium Video

Reef Aquarium Video

Summery

Keeping saltwater fish is more expensive and more difficult than keeping freshwater fish. However, once salt water tanks are established they do seem to be less demanding and water quality tends to stay better in tanks using live rock. Live plants perform similar functions in water filtration in a freshwater aquarium. If you’ve been keeping freshwater tanks for some time now successfully, the switch to saltwater should not be much difficult. If you want to switch, do the necessary research before acquiring animals and aquarium equipment and the money necessary to run a saltwater aquarium, then go for it!

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