Linux Distributions, Different Flavours of Linux

by roshi on July 7, 2007

in Linux


Well-known Linux distributions include:

  • Arch Linux, a distribution based on the KISS principle with a rolling release system
  • CentOS, a distribution derived from the same sources used by Red Hat, maintained by a dedicated volunteer community of developers with both 100% Red Hat-compatible versions and an upgraded version that is not always 100% upstream compatible
  • Debian, a non-commercial distribution maintained by a volunteer developer community with a strong commitment to free software principles
  • Fedora, a community distribution sponsored by Red Hat
  • Gentoo, a distribution targeted at power users, known for its FreeBSD Ports-like automated system for compiling applications from source code
  • gOS and other netbook operating systems
  • Knoppix, the first Live CD distribution to run completely from removable media without installation to a hard disk, derived from Debian
  • Kubuntu, the KDE version of Ubuntu
  • Linux Mint, a popular distribution based on and compatible with Ubuntu
  • Mandriva, a Red Hat derivative popular in France and Brazil, today maintained by the French company of the same name
  • MontaVista Linux, popular embedded Linux distribution maintained by Santa Clara, CA based MontaVista Software
  • OpenGEU, derived from Ubuntu, with a goal to combine the power of the GNOME desktop with the eye candy of Enlightenment 17
  • openSUSE, originally derived from Slackware, sponsored by the company Novell
  • Oracle Enterprise Linux, which is a derivative of Red Hat Enterprise Linux, maintained and commercially supported by Oracle
  • Pardus, developed in Turkey as a product of the Pardus Project, named after the Anatolian Leopard
  • PCLinuxOS, a derivative of Mandriva, grew from a group of packages into a popular, community-spawned desktop distribution.
  • Red Hat Enterprise Linux, which is a derivative of Fedora, maintained and commercially supported by Red Hat
  • Sabayon Linux, Gentoo Based Distribution, aiming at working Out of the box.
  • Slackware, one of the first Linux distributions, founded in 1993, and since then actively maintained by Patrick J. Volkerding
  • Ubuntu, a popular desktop distribution derived from Debian, maintained by Canonical


Most famous are Ubuntu, Suse, Fedora, Debian, Mandriva, Linux Mint, PC Linux OS, Slackware, Gentoo Linux, Mandrake, Centos.

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